Biomarkers and Personalized Medicine
The ability to look at a patient individually will provide a more precise cancer diagnosis and specific treatment plan. The genetic information from individuals can then be used to effectively treat them, by finding the variations that can account for possible diseases. An individual’s genetic make-up also plays a large part in their extent of response to a certain treatment, and hence, having the knowledge of their genetic content can alter the type of treatment they receive. These approaches are intended to identify individualized patient benefits of therapies, minimize the risk of toxicity and reduce the cost of treatment.
In personalized medicine, biomarkers have a special place, which mends with cancer diagnosis, drug development and usage and cancer genomics. Challenges in these fields are an interesting topic to be discussed as there are radiant solutions emerging.